Literature & Beyond

Formal Science

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Formal sciences: the study of formal systems, such as those under the branches of logic and mathematics, which use an a priori, as opposed to empirical, methodology.

  • Mario Bunge (1998). Philosophy of Science. Rev. ed. of: Scientific research. Berlin, New York: Springer-Verlag, 1967.

  • C. West Churchman (1940). Elements of Logic and Formal Science, J.B. Lippincott Co., New York.

  • James Franklin (1994). The formal sciences discover the philosophers' stone. In: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 513–533, 1994

  • Stephen Leacock (1906). Elements of Political Science. Houghton, Mifflin Co, 417 pp.

  • Karl R. Popper (2002) [1959]. The Logic of Scientific Discovery. New York, NY: Routledge Classics. ISBN 0-415-27844-9. OCLC 59377149.

  • Bernt P. Stigum (1990). Toward a Formal Science of Economics. MIT Press

  • Marcus Tomalin (2006), Linguistics and the Formal Sciences. Cambridge University Press

  • William L. Twining (1997). Law in Context: Enlarging a Discipline. 365 pp.

  • Mario Bunge (1985). Philosophy of Science and Technology. Springer.

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