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STEM K12 USA

ETS1: Engineering Design

ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions

Primary School
  • Designs can be conveyed through sketches, drawings, or physical models. These representations are useful in communicating ideas for a problem’s solutions to other people.

Elementary
  • At whatever stage, communicating with peers about proposed solutions is an important part of the design process, and shared ideas can lead to improved designs.

  • Tests are often designed to identify failure points or difficulties, which suggest the elements of the design that need to be improved.

  • Testing a solution involves investigating how well it performs under a range of likely conditions.

  • Research on a problem should be carried out before beginning to design a solution. Testing a solution involves investigating how well it performs under a range of likely conditions.

Middle School
  • There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet the criteria and constraints of a problem.

  • Sometimes parts of different solutions can be combined to create a solution that is better than any of its predecessors.

  • Models of all kinds are important for testing solutions.

  • A solution needs to be tested, and then modified on the basis of the test results in order to improve it.

High school
  • Both physical models and computers can be used in various ways to aid in the engineering design process. Computers are useful for a variety of purposes, such as running simulations to test different ways of solving a problem or to see which one is most efficient or economical; and in making a persuasive presentation to a client about how a given design will meet his or her needs.

  • When evaluating solutions it is important to take into account a range of constraints including cost, safety, reliability and aesthetics and to consider social, cultural and environmental impacts.

April 23, 2022

Last updated:

Disciplinary Core Ideas

Engineering, Technology, & Applications of Science
ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions

Avenir Light is a clean and stylish font favored by designers. It's easy on the eyes and a great go to font for titles, paragraphs & more.

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Avenir Light is a clean and stylish font favored by designers. It's easy on the eyes and a great go to font for titles, paragraphs & more.

Start Now

Avenir Light is a clean and stylish font favored by designers. It's easy on the eyes and a great go to font for titles, paragraphs & more.

Start Now

Avenir Light is a clean and stylish font favored by designers. It's easy on the eyes and a great go to font for titles, paragraphs & more.

Engineering Design

How do engineers solve problems?

Core Idea ETS1
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