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Engineering is a dynamic field that involves designing and creating innovative solutions to complex problems. The Engineering Design Disciplinary Core Ideas, outlined by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), provide a framework for teaching engineering concepts to students. These core ideas, known as ETS1, focus on the process of engineering design and the principles that guide it.

The first disciplinary core idea, ETS1.A, emphasizes defining and delimiting engineering problems. Engineers are tasked with identifying specific problems that need to be solved. This involves understanding the needs and constraints of the problem, as well as considering potential solutions. Students learn how to analyze problems and develop criteria and constraints that will guide their design process.

The second disciplinary core idea, ETS1.B, focuses on developing possible solutions. Engineers use their knowledge of science, mathematics, and technology to generate multiple ideas and evaluate their feasibility. Students learn how to brainstorm and prototype different solutions, considering factors such as cost, safety, and functionality.

The third disciplinary core idea, ETS1.C, highlights the importance of optimizing designs. Engineers continuously refine their designs through testing and evaluation. Students are taught how to test their prototypes, gather data, and make improvements based on feedback. They learn to think critically and creatively to optimize their designs while considering various trade-offs.

The final disciplinary core idea, ETS1.D, centers around communication and collaboration in engineering design. Successful engineers work collaboratively with others to share ideas and improve their designs. Students learn how to effectively communicate their design ideas through sketches, models, and technical documentation. They also develop teamwork skills by participating in group projects.

By incorporating the Engineering Design Disciplinary Core Ideas into education, students gain a deeper understanding of the engineering design process. They develop problem-solving skills, critical thinking abilities, and creativity – all essential traits for future engineers. These core ideas provide a solid foundation for teaching engineering concepts and preparing students for real-world engineering challenges.

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Listed below are the Disciplinary Core Ideas (DCI) for Physical Science and bullet points for their specific grade band progression.
ETS1.A: Defining and Delimiting Engineering Problems
ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions
ETS1.C: Optimizing the Design Solution
LS1.A: Structure and Function
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Last Updated:

July 28, 2023 at 2:54:24 PM



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Exploring the Disciplinary Core Idea ETS1: Engineering Design in 3-Dimensional Learning

Discover the power of ETS - Engineering, Technology, and the Application of Science. Dive into the world of 3D learning discipline and unloc

ETS1: Engineering Design

Describes the DCI progressions across K-12, summarizing the main focus of the science disciplinary content at each grade band.

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